Description and Brand NamesBefore UsingProper UsePrecautionsSide Effects Avelable Brandfrom Medikaloka Apotheca : Simarc US Brand Name Coumadin Jantoven Descriptions Warfarin is an anticoagulant. It is used to decrease the clotting ability of the blood and to help prevent harmful clots from forming in the blood vessels. It is often used to prevent or treat deep venous thrombosis, a condition in which harmful blood clots form in the blood vessels of the legs. These blood clots can travel to the lungs and cause a condition called pulmonary embolism. Warfarin is also used to prevent or treat blood clots that are caused by certain heart conditions or open-heart surgery. It may be used after a heart attack to prevent blood clots from forming. Although it will not dissolve blood clots that have already formed, warfarin may keep the clots from becoming larger and causing more serious problems. This medicine is available only with your doctor’s prescription. This product is available in the following dosage forms: Tablet In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered: Allergies Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully. Pediatric Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of warfarin in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established. Geriatric Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of warfarin in the elderly. However, elderly patients may require caution and an adjustment in the dose, especially those who are at risk of bleeding. Pregnancy Information about this warfarin-oral-route Pregnancy Category Explanation All Trimesters X Studies in animals or pregnant women have demonstrated positive evidence of fetal abnormalities. This drug should not be used in women who are or may become pregnant because the risk clearly outweighs any possible benefit. Breastfeeding Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding. Drug Interactions Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive. Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take. Amifampridine Tamoxifen Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines. Abciximab Acenocoumarol Alefacept Alipogene Tiparvovec Alteplase, Recombinant Amiodarone Amoxicillin Ampicillin Anistreplase Apixaban Aprepitant Aspirin Azithromycin Bivalirudin Capecitabine Carbenicillin Carboplatin Cefadroxil Cefdinir Cefepime Cefixime Cefotaxime Cefpodoxime Ceftazidime Ceftibuten Ceftizoxime Celecoxib Cephalexin Cephalothin Cephapirin Cephradine Ceritinib Chamomile Ciprofloxacin Citalopram Clarithromycin Clopidogrel Cloxacillin Collagenase, Clostridium histolyticum Cyclophosphamide Dabigatran Etexilate Dabrafenib Dalteparin Danaparoid Dapsone Deferasirox Desvenlafaxine Dicloxacillin Dihydroartemisinin Dipyridamole Doxorubicin Doxorubicin Hydrochloride Liposome Dronedarone Drotrecogin Alfa Econazole Efavirenz Elvitegravir Enoxacin Enoxaparin Entacapone Enzalutamide Eptifibatide Erlotinib Erythromycin Escitalopram Eslicarbazepine Acetate Etoposide Etravirine Fenofibrate Fenofibric Acid Fish Oil Fluconazole Fluorouracil Fluoxetine Fluvoxamine Garlic Gatifloxacin Gemifloxacin Ginkgo Imatinib Infliximab Influenza Virus Vaccine Itraconazole Ketoconazole Ketoprofen Leflunomide Lepirudin Levofloxacin Levomilnacipran Lomitapide Lycium Marijuana Mechlorethamine Mercaptopurine Methicillin Methotrexate Methyl Salicylate Metronidazole Miconazole Milnacipran Moxalactam Moxifloxacin Nafcillin Nalidixic Acid Nandrolone Naproxen Nitisinone Norfloxacin Noscapine Ofloxacin Oritavancin Oseltamivir Oxacillin Oxandrolone Papaya Paroxetine Penicillin G Penicillin V Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium Phenindione Phenprocoumon Piperacillin Pixantrone Posaconazole Prasugrel Procarbazine Proguanil Reteplase, Recombinant Rivaroxaban Ropinirole Roxithromycin Sertraline Siltuximab Simvastatin Sitaxsentan St John’s Wort Streptokinase Sulfamethoxazole Sulfisoxazole Tan-Shen Tegafur Telithromycin Tenecteplase Teriflunomide Testosterone Ticarcillin Tinzaparin Tirofiban Tocophersolan Torsemide Urokinase Valproic Acid Venlafaxine Vilazodone Vincristine Vincristine Sulfate Liposome Vindesine Vorapaxar Voriconazole Vortioxetine Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines. Acarbose Acemetacin Acetaminophen Allopurinol Aminoglutethimide Amitriptyline Amprenavir Apazone Argatroban Atovaquone Avocado Azathioprine Bee Pollen Benorilate Benzbromarone Black Tea Bosentan Bromfenac Butabarbital Butalbital Carbamazepine Carbimazole Cefamandole Cefazolin Ceftriaxone Chitosan Chloral Hydrate Cholestyramine Choline Magnesium Trisalicylate Chondroitin Cimetidine Cisapride Cisplatin Coenzyme Q10 Colesevelam Curcumin Cyclosporine Danazol Darunavir Desogestrel Dexamethasone Dexlansoprazole Dextrothyroxine Dienogest Diflunisal Disopyramide Disulfiram Dong Quai Doxepin Drospirenone Duloxetine Esomeprazole Estradiol Cypionate Estradiol Valerate Eterobarb Ethinyl Estradiol Ethynodiol Diacetate Etonogestrel Exenatide Felbamate Fluoxymesterone Fluvastatin Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemfibrozil Ginger Ginseng Glucagon Glucosamine Glyburide Griseofulvin Heparin Ifosfamide Indomethacin Indoprofen Isoniazid Isoxicam Ivermectin Lactulose Lansoprazole Levamisole Levonorgestrel Levothyroxine Liothyronine Lixisenatide Lopinavir Lornoxicam Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Melatonin Meloxicam Menthol Mephobarbital Mesalamine Mesna Mestranol Methimazole Methylprednisolone Methyltestosterone Methylthiouracil Mitotane Moricizine Nelfinavir Nevirapine Niacin Nilutamide Nimesulide Norelgestromin Norethindrone Norgestimate Norgestrel Omeprazole Orlistat Oxyphenbutazone Pantoprazole Pentoxifylline Phenobarbital Phenylbutazone Phytonadione Piracetam Polyacrylamide Potassium Iodide Prednisone Primidone Propafenone Propoxyphene Propylthiouracil Quetiapine Ranitidine Rifabutin Rifampin Rifapentine Ritonavir Rofecoxib Rosuvastatin Salicylamide Salicylic Acid Salsalate Saquinavir Secobarbital Sodium Salicylate Sodium Thiosalicylate Sorafenib Soybean Soy Isoflavones Soy Protein Stanozolol Sucralfate Sulfasalazine Sulfinpyrazone Sulindac Tenidap Terbinafine Thyroglobulin Thyroid Tibolone Ticlopidine Tigecycline Tolterodine Tramadol Trastuzumab Trolamine Salicylate Valdecoxib Vancomycin Vemurafenib Vitamin A Vitamin E Vorinostat Zafirlukast Zileuton Other Interactions Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive. Using this medicine with any of the following is usually not recommended, but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use this medicine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco. Cranberry Juice Pomegranate Using this medicine with any of the following may cause an increased risk of certain side effects but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use this medicine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco. Enteral Nutrition Green Tea High Protein Food Noni Juice Vitamin K Containing Food Other Medical Problems The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially: Alcohol abuse, history of or Mental disorders (e.g., psychosis or senility)—Patients with these conditions or those who cannot cooperate should not be given warfarin. Blood disease or bleeding problems or Heart infection or Hypertension (high blood pressure) or Spinal anesthesia, recent or Stomach or intestinal ulcer, active or Stroke or Surgery, recent or scheduled (e.g., surgery of the eye, brain, or spine) or Threatened miscarriage—Should not be used in patients with any of these conditions. The risk of bleeding from warfarin may be increased. Catheter insertion or Congestive heart failure or Deep venous thrombosis, heparin-induced or Diabetes or Falls or blows to the body or head or Infection or Kidney disease or Liver disease or Major surgery, any type or Protein C deficiency (rare hereditary disease), known or suspected or Thrombocytopenia, heparin-induced or Trauma—Use with caution. This medicine may increase your risk of having serious problems. Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Your dose may need to be changed several times in order to find out what works best for you. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to. Carefully follow your doctor’s instructions about any special diet. This medicine works best when you eat about the same amount of vitamin K in your food every day. Tell your doctor before changing your diet. Avoid big changes in how much vitamin K you eat. Some foods that have a high amount of vitamin K are asparagus, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, green leafy vegetables (such as collards, turnip greens, mustard greens, spinach, and salad greens), plums, rhubarb, and certain vegetable oils (such as soybean oil and canola oil). Do not drink alcohol while you are using this medicine. Also avoid drinking cranberry juice or eating cranberry products. You may take the tablets on a full or empty stomach. This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions. Dosing The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor’s orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so. The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine. For oral dosage form (tablets): For prevention or treatment of blood clots: Adult—At first, 2 to 5 milligrams (mg) per day. Your doctor will then adjust your dose up to a maximum of 10 mg per day depending on your condition. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. Missed Dose If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses. Storage Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing. Keep out of the reach of children. Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed. Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use. It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to see if the medicine is working properly. Blood tests, such as INR, are needed to check for proper dosage and unwanted side effects. Be sure to keep all appointments. Using this medicine while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. Use an effective form of birth control to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine, tell your doctor right away. Do not stop taking any of your medicines or start any new prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. Keep a list of your medicines with you at all times. This includes prescription medicines, nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines, and herbal or vitamin supplements. Do not take other medicines that also contain warfarin. Using too much warfarin may cause serious bleeding problems. Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. You may need to stop using this medicine several days before having surgery or medical tests. Check with your doctor immediately if you start to have diarrhea, fever, or any signs of infection. This medicine may cause skin necrosis or gangrene. Call your doctor right away if you have a pain, color change, or temperature change to any area of your body. Also, call your doctor right away if you have a pain in your toes and they look purple or dark in color. These could be signs of a serious medical problem. This medicine may increase your chance of bleeding. Check with your doctor right away if you notice any unusual bleeding or bruising; black, tarry stools; blood in the urine or stools; or pinpoint red spots on your skin. Avoid picking your nose. If you need to blow your nose, blow it gently. Be careful when using a regular toothbrush, dental floss, or toothpick. Your medical doctor, dentist, or nurse may recommend other ways to clean your teeth and gums. Check with your medical doctor before having any dental work done. Be careful not to cut yourself when you are using sharp objects, such as a safety razor or fingernail or toenail cutters. Avoid contact sports or other situations where bruising or injury could occur. It is recommended that you carry identification that says you are using warfarin. If you have any questions about what kind of identification to carry, check with your doctor. Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur: Less common Abdominal or stomach pain with cramping bleeding gums blood in the urine bloody stools blurred vision burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, “pins and needles”, or tingling feelings chest pain or discomfort confusion coughing up blood difficulty with breathing or swallowing dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position excessive bruising headache increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding nosebleeds paralysis peeling of the skin prolonged bleeding from cuts red or black, tarry stools red or dark brown urine shortness of breath sweating unexplained swelling unusual tiredness or weakness Rare Arm, back, or jaw pain blue-green to black skin discoloration blue or purple toes change in consciousness chest tightness or heaviness chills clay-colored stools diarrhea dizziness fainting or loss of consciousness fast or irregular breathing fast or irregular heartbeat fever itching light-colored stools loss of appetite nausea and vomiting pain in the toes pain, redness, or sloughing of the skin pale skin skin blisters skin rash small red or purple spots on the skin stomach pain swelling of the eyes or eyelids tightness in the chest or wheezing troubled breathing with exertion unpleasant breath odor unusual bleeding or bruising upper right abdominal or stomach pain vomiting of blood yellow eyes and skin Incidence not known Painful or prolonged erection of the penis Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them: Less common Joint pain muscle pain Rare Bloated change in taste, or bad, unusual, or unpleasant (after) taste cold intolerance excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines full feeling general feeling of discomfort or illness hair loss or thinning of the hair hives or welts lack or loss of strength pain passing gas red, sore, or itching skin sores, welting, or blisters unusual drowsiness, dullness, or feeling of sluggishness Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.